For thousands of years, cannabis has been used all over the world. Ancient cultures used the plant’s hemp to produce goods, as a form of medical treatment, and for spiritual practices. Today, cannabis is a controversial plant used by millions.


Cannabis started in an isolated ecological area as a wild species of flower. As cannabis spread worldwide, Humans domesticated the plant and created various hybrids like lava cake strain with higher cannabinoid and terpene content for health and industrial purposes.

These various hybrids of cannabis are Sativa, Indica, and ruderalis. Each plant varies in size, yield, harvest time, and potency.

Cannabis’ origination geographically.

Although the specific location of origin remains unknown, Scientists believe that the origination comes from these three regions.

Central Asia

Botany researcher and author R. J.Bouquet believes cannabis originated in Central Asia, specifically current-day Kazahkstan, Northwest China, Mongolia, and the Russian Far East.


Researchers Hooker and Vavilov partially agree. However, these researchers believe that cannabis originated in Central Asia, the southwestern Himalayan mountains, and Northwest India.


More recent research by cannabis researcher John McPartland believes the origination comes from high up on the Tibetan Plateau.

Ancient Civilizations cannabis use

Science shows that cannabis has been cultivated globally for thousands of years. 

Read on to find out how cannabis was used in different cultures.

Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is one of many places that utilized cannabis. 

Around 26,000 – 24,000 years ago, Fibre imprints of hemp were found on the clay fragments of Czech pottery pieces.


Hemp appears to have been used in China 10,000 years ago. The Chinese used hemp to create cords for pottery decoration, clothing, fishing nets, and paper to document their philosophy, poems, and essential history.

One thousand eight hundred years ago, China started to use cannabis flowers, stalks, seeds, roots, and leaves for its psychoactive abilities, hoping to tune into the supernatural.


The Japanese have been shown to have used hemp in 14,000-300 BC for pottery decoration, clothing, and baskets. It is also believed that during this time, hemp was used as a food source.

A colorful cave painting was discovered on the coast of Kyushu from that time period. This painting included images of towering plants with green fan leaves. This painting is an indicator that hemp was heavily utilized and appreciated during that time.

Additionally, the priests of the Shinto religion used cannabis to ward off evil spirits and bless followers by waving bundles of hemp stems. 


 India’s religion is made of four books of knowledge. These books reference five sacred plants, cannabis being one. In the books, cannabis is referred to as a liberating source of happiness that was gifted to humans to overcome fear.

India’s culture used a drink made of cannabis, milk, and sugar. This drink was used during weddings to help ward off evil spirits and offered to guests to show hospitality.

In the Parvati Valley and Kashir, Growers of the plant would rub resin from the stalks, leaves, and flowers onto their hands until a ball of trichomes formed. These were called temple balls.

Additionally, devoted followers of Shiva use cannabis to help with their daily meditation practices.


During the more current Islamic era, Hashish became popular. But Before Islam, Zoroastrian was the faith of Persia. Zoroastrian priests would sing songs that communicated the sacred plant’s importance and value in its protection. These priests would also incorporate cannabis into their rituals.

Scythian cult of the dead warriors would also use cannabis. They used the plant as a way to purify themselves after burying their fallen leaders. Scythians would build teepee structures, place hemp flowers and seeds onto hot stones and inhale the steams. 


Greece Used cannabis as medical treatment. Ancient Greek Physicians harnessed the cannabis plant to treat swelling, ear infections, and inflammation. They also used roots as a treatment for tumors. 

The more recent history of cannabis

Britains English Navy Used cannabis to make ropes. In 1533 King Henry VIII saw its value and mandated that land be used for cannabis crops. In the future, Elizabeth required more cannabis growth and even fined farmers that did not produce enough.

In North America, farmers grew hemp crops specifically for producing items such as ropes, sails, and clothing. King James, I required that any landowner must cultivate 100 plants for export. 

As you can see, the history of cannabis is quite interesting. Cannabis is a valuable resource, and although many places around the world have outlawed the plant for its psychoactive effects, scientists worldwide are working hard to prove its importance in agriculture and medicine.